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Государственное бюджетное общеобразовательное учреждение

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Школьный форум » Персональные страницы учителей » Долгова Людмила Ивановна » Подготовка к ОГЭ/ЕГЭ
Подготовка к ОГЭ/ЕГЭ
miladolgova55Дата: Четверг, 17.11.2016, 17:58 | Сообщение # 1
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Итак, при подготовке к ОГЭ/ЕГЭ следует обратить внимание на следующие факторы:
ознакомление с форматом заданий, включая заданий со свободно конструируемым ответом, т.е. заданий части «С» (по письму и говорению);
отработку чёткого следования инструкций к заданию, в их числе соблюдения предписанного объёма письменного или устного высказывания;
развитие умения укладываться в регламент времени на выполнение конкретного задания;
ознакомление с критериями оценивания заданий части «С» (по письму и говорению); объяснение предъявляемых требований;

Разделы экзамена соответствуют разным видам речевой деятельности и построен таким образом, чтобы дать возможность выпускникам с разным уровнем подготовки продемонстрировать свои умения на соответствующем уровне. Для этого в разделы включены задания трех уровней сложности: базового, повышенного и высокого. Последний уровень рассчитан на выпускников специализированных классов или школ. Экзаменационная работа состоит из следующих разделов: аудирование, чтение, грамматика и лексика, говорение, письмо.

Соответственно существует три уровня сложности заданий в разделе «Чтение»
Понимание основного содержания текста
Понимание структурно-смысловых связей текста
Полное и точное понимание информации в тексте
Можно рассмотреть некоторые текстовые задания для подготовки учащихся к ЕГЭ





Travel is fun. Travel is exciting. But it` not fun or exciting if you get ill. You may think, < Not me. I won`t fall ill on my holiday!> But for many people, that is what happens.
Of course you do not want to spend your holiday ill in bed. If you have heard trouble, you don`t want to make it worse. So what can you do to stay in good health? There are three things you should remember when you travel: relax, sleep and eat well.
A holiday is supposed to be a time for relaxing. But to our regret very often it is not. Think about what you do when you are a tourist. There are so many places to visit: museums, shops, parks and churches. You may spend days walking around these places. This can be very tiring. Your feet may hurt. You`ve got a terrible headache after a few hours. If this is the way you feel, you should take a rest. Do not ask your body to do too much. A tired body means a weak body. And a weak body gets ill easily. So sit down for a few hours in a nice spot. In good weather look for a quiet park bench. Or you can stop at a café. You can learn a lot by watching people while you rest.
You should not forget about sleep. If you want to stay healthy you need to get a good night`s rest. You may have trouble sleeping at night when you travel. Your hotel room may be noisy or the bed may be uncomfortable. If this is true, don`t hesitate to change rooms or hotels. Or you may not get enough sleep for another reason. In many cities the nightlife can be very exciting. You may want to stay out late at night. In this case you should plan to sleep for an hour during the day. That extra hour can make a big difference.
Finally, if you want to stay in good shape, you must eat well. That means eating the right kinds of food. Your body needs fresh fruit and vegetables, and some meat, milk or cheese. No doubt when you are in a new country, you will wish to try new food. But you need to be careful about how much you eat. Try to avoid eating lots of rich food.
So, remember this: if you want to enjoy your holiday, take good care of yourself. Give you body some rest. Get enough sleep and eat good, healthy food.
Questions to text.
1. This passage is a about
A. what to eat when you travel. C. how exciting travel is.
B. relaxing when you travel. D. how to stay healthy when you travel.
_________
2. A holiday is not run if
A. you are reluctant to go. C. you spend most days doing the sights.
B. you are suddenly taken ill. D. have trouble sleeping at night.
_________
3. Sightseeing is
A. the best way to relax. C. very tiring.
B. never any fun. D. unhealthy.
__________
4. It’s a good idea
A. to spend holidays in other countries. C. not to take very long holidays.
B. to get some rest every day. D. to keep your first-aid kit handy when you are on holiday.

5. You can fall ill more easily if
A. you are tired. B. you stay out late at night.
C. you are sleepy. D. you sleep an extra hour during the day.
__________
6. Your body needs sleep
A. to enjoy the nightlife. C. not to spoil your appetite
B. to keep fit. D. to be strong enough to go sightseeing.
__________
7. When you travel you should eat
A. something different. C. fresh fruit and vegetables.
B. more frequently. D. lots of rich food.
__________
8. For good health you need
A. to travel much. C. to get enough sleep.
B. to lead an active life. D. to eat a lot of rich food.
_________

Задание:
Этап 1: Прочитайте инструкцию и выполните задание к приведенному тексту.
Этап 2: Определите проверяемый навык и тип задания.

Прочитайте текст и напишите соответствующую форму каждого слова, данного под номерами В4-В11, в отведенное для этого место.
Тhe History of Man

B4

How long has man been on earth? Let us travel 5,000 years into the past. We are in the days before man __________________ to write.
LEARN

B5

Recorded history __________________ yet. NOT BEGIN

B6

Let us go __________________ into the past to 8,000 years ago. We are in a world without cities or towns, houses or roads. FAR

B7

Yet there are people, about five million of them, __________________ on all five continents.
LIVE

B8

They have cows and horses and they __________________ the land. FARM

B9

To find the __________________ man we must go many hundreds of thousands of years into the past. ONE

B10

The __________________ true human being, Homo sapiens, appeared in Europe more than 50,000 years ago. EARLY

B11

We can be proud of the progress the man __________________
since then. MAKE

Задание:
Прочитайте инструкцию и текст к заданию и определите, чем отличается подход к контролю грамматических навыков, использованный в нем, от подхода в предыдущем задании.

Leaving for London.

Her face was white with worry. She _____ down to the hotel desk to ask about the plane ticket. John _____ putting his things into a bag. She _____ up to the room a minute or two later.
“There _____ a plane leaving from Venice to London in an hour,” she _____ to him. “I _____ in England by this afternoon.”
“I _____ your bag down immediately then,” he _____ her.
She____ at the desk when he ______ down, looking happier. She ______ Venice right now.
New people were there, talking to the man at the desk.

1) goes 2) was going 3) went 4) has gone

1) has finished 2) is finishing 3) finishes 4) finished

1) telephoned 2) had telephoned 3) was telephoning 4) has telephoned

1) was 2) is 3) had been 4) has been

1) has said 2) says 3) said 4) had said

1) am 2) will be 3) has been 4) was

1) will bring 2) has brought 3) have brought 4) bring

1) tells 2) was telling 3) was told 4) told

1) has been 2) is 3) was 4) has been

1) comes 2) had come 3) has come 4) came

1) has left 2) was leaving 3) left 4) had left

РМ № 3
Задание:
Этап 1: Прочитайте инструкцию и текст задания.
Этап 2: Определите проверяемый навык и тип задания.

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. В заданиях В17-В23 преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали контексту. Заполните пропуски полученными словами.

B17

The National Maritime Museum is set in
the ______________surroundings of Greenwich park.
BEAUTY

B18

Within the complex of the museum there is a wide __________________ of objects, displays and paintings.
VARY

B19

The collections relate to the shipping, astronomy and __________________.
NAVIGATE

B 20

The museum tells the story of figures of great __________________ to Britain’s history, such as Lord Nelson and captain James Cook.
IMPORTANT

B21

Galleries and exhibitions are often updated to bring back into view __________________
DIFFER

B22

parts of the huge hidden collections of the museum which is __________________ all over the country.
FAME

B23

This visit will be an __________________ experience. FORGET

Желаем удачи в подготовке к экзаменам.
 
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